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Secular Capitalism is powered by the spiritual passion of protestantism. The Protestant Revolution transformed society.
Medieval Catholicism is described as a religion of retreat. Catholicism emphasized that poverty and godliness went hand in hand.
Protestantism was egalitarian in that it made no distinction between the priest and the ordinary person.
John Calvin was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism.
Calvin insisted that the only way to salvation was by faith.
In the world of work, Protestants found the answer to their painful spiritual predicament. Success in the world was a sign from God they were blessed. Work became a way to glorify God.
Calvin espoused profit with in a just and godly commonwealth. Protestantism also concentrates efforts on social justice.
Protestants worshipped God through an act called "sacred toil." Diligence, moderation and sobriety were traits they admired.
Max Weber The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. His premise being the Protestant ethic was a force behind an unplanned and uncoordinated mass action that influenced the development of capitalism. This
The preoccupation with business gave rise to a new Protestant obsession: time. Discipline and time management was the best way to ensure God's favor.
Puritan inspired institutions are still household names today.
John Winthrop obtained a royal charter, along with other wealthy Puritans, from King Charles for the Massachusetts Bay Company and led a group of English Puritans to the New World in 1630. In famous speech he calls America, "City upon a hill."
Early colonists survived harsh conditions of New World with spiritual mettle and a culture of self-sufficiency.
Benjamin Franklin embodies Protestant work ethic. Self-help, personal industry and betterment were his guiding ethos.
Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanac centers values around profit making.
Capitalism explodes in the eighteenth century and allows for social mobility.
Wedgewood is described as a non conformist capitalist. He reformed the pottery trade. Wedgewood institutes a disciplined sense of time.
The Industrial Revolution had a profound effect on roads and infrastructure in cities and towns.
Catholic Empires kicked started the slave trade but as Protestants went in search of profit they began to dominate the slave trade.
The church supports slavery using bible for rationale.
Slavery pitted competing value systems against one another: profit vs. life.
Anti-Slavery campaign begins in Britain by non- conformist agitations. This was the first popular human rights movement.
Mechanical factories turn workers into wage slaves.
In mills and mines children work in dangerous conditions. The relentless pursuit of profit comes at the cost of human life. Michael Sadler is gripped by moral indignation.
Archival interview with a mill worker who describes the crippling work in the mill.
By the end of the 19th century, British capitalism is no longer so brutal.
Liberty and the drive for prosperity describe the American dream. Henry Ford treats his workers well and ensures high quality labor. The car symbolized a new era of mass consumerism.
American 20th century centered around an economic creed of personal wealth.
Wall Street experiences philosophical vacuum as there is no restraint when it comes to making a profit.
The impact of capitalism prompts environmental protesters like Greenpeace to protest injustice.
The legacy of the Reformation is still evident in many facets of modern life.
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